Bearer

Bearers carry the loads from the floor joists across large spans. In upper storeys, if the rooms underneath are large, the joists may not be able to economically span the full width of the room and a bearer will offer an intermediate support. On lower storeys, the bearer may span between the stumps. The bearers rest on top on the piers and usually run the direction of the longest wall. Joists are then laid in the opposite direction.

WIKEPEDIA ENTRY FOR BEAM

 

Bearer   Floor Bearers Picture